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译者和前言作者为G.M.A.Grube

这本书其实只是为了论文看的,虽然完全不知道能不能用上。不过看的时候,尤其是看序言的时候,还是很脑补,尤其脑补SS,于是觉得,虽然车田当年可能完全没想那么多,但是某些角色,还真是相当贴合古希腊或者后来的一些西方思想……当然这也许完全是我脑补过分。
顺说当初买了诗学翻了两页,现在居然巴巴地弄本英文诗学来看,我真是闲着无聊么= =|||||

零碎句子摘抄:

We feel pity for a man who does not deserve his misfortune; we fear for someone like ourselves; neither feeling is here involved.

The Tragic Character
We are left with a character in between the other two; a man who is neither outstanding in virtue and righteousness, nor is it through wickedness and vice that he falls into misfortune, but through some flaw.  He should also be famous or prosperous, like Oedipus, Thyestes, and the noted men of such noble families.

...but now the best tragedies are constructed around the fortunes of a few families, and are concerned with ... and any other such men who have endured or done terrible things.

The Tragic Situation
...When, however, suffering is inflicted upon each other by people whose relationship implies affection, as when a brother kills, or intends to kill, his brother, a son his father, a mother her son, a son his mother, or some other such action take place--those are the situations to look for.

Acting in Ignorance
...There is still a third way: when someone who intends to do the deed is ignorant of the relationship but recognizes it before the deed is done.  There is no further alternative, for one must act or not, either with knowledge or without it.
The worst of all these is to have full knowledge and intend to do the deed, and then not do it; this is not tragic but shocking, and there is no suffering. ... It is better to commit the crime.  Better still is to do it in ignorance and to recognize the truth afterwards.

Four Types of Tragedy
There are four types of tragedy, the same number as the elements we mentioned earlier: the complex tragedy, in which reversal and recognition are the whole drama; the tragedy of suffering; the tragedy of character; and, fourth, the spectacular tragedy.

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